CC Generic Cow/Calf Summer Grass

Leasing or buying is often the debate that people have when deciding on their next vehicle to drive. Many in the agricultural community also enter arrangements to lease pastures, farm ground and sometimes—even cows, according to the experts at the Kansas State University Beef Cattle Institute.

“Whether it is leasing cows or pasture, it is important that the arrangement is fair and equitable for all parties involved,” said K-State agricultural economist Dustin Pendell on a recent Cattle Chat podcast.

Pendell said there are three steps producers and land owners need to work though from a cost-standpoint prior to setting up an arrangement.

Identify the expenses and know who is going be responsible for paying the expenses.

Understand the opportunity costs, and don’t forget hidden costs, such as unpaid family labor.

Know how these costs are going to be allocated to the parties respectively.

Regarding revenue, Pendell said those dollars also need to be shared on an agreed percentage basis. He pointed to the website from K-State’s Department of Agricultural Economics as a resource for how to set up these agreements.

Leasing can be a positive arrangement for a land owner with unused forage in the short term who doesn't want to invest in additional cattle. A forage supply can vary year-to-year, and leasing out land is one way to utilize forage without a large cash outlay.

Veterinarian Bob Larson said that he has observed many successful lease-to-own arrangements in operations where there is a generational shift.

“If there is an older cattle producer who still has the land but wants to reduce the labor involved with cattle production, there are options to involve a younger cattle person who can provide the labor in exchange for an increasing ownership percentage of the cows over time,” Larson said.

Regardless of the arrangement, Pendell stressed the importance of putting the contract in writing.

“Spend the time upfront thinking through all the costs and incomes, including cull cow incomes, and then get everything documented,” he said. “If something happens down the line and you need to terminate the arrangement, you have it in writing and it is much easier than if it was a verbal agreement.”